Lagos, sometimes referred to as Lagos State to distinguish it from Lagos Metropolitan Area, is a state located in the southwestern geopolitical zone of Nigeria. The smallest in area of Nigeria’s 36 states, with a population of over 15 million, Lagos State is arguably the most economically important state of the country, containing Lagos, the nation’s largest urban area. It is a major financial centre and would be the fifth-largest economy in Africa if it were a country.
It has the highest population density of Nigeria’s states. The actual population total is disputed between the official Nigerian Census of 2006 and a much higher figure claimed by the Lagos State Government. Lagos State annual GDP is 1 trillion naira.
Lagos State is bounded on the north and east by Ogun State. In the west it shares boundaries with the Republic of Benin. Its southern borders are with the Atlantic Ocean. 22% of its 3,577 km2 are lagoons and creeks.
Victoria Island, the financial center of the metropolis, is known for its beach resorts, boutiques and nightlife. To the north, Lagos Island is home to the National Museum Lagos, displaying cultural artifacts and craftworks. Nearby is Freedom Park, once a colonial-era prison, now a major venue for concerts and public events.
Before the Portuguese name of Lagos had been adopted, Lagos’ initial name was Ipinle Eko which referred mainly to the Island. The first to settle in Eko were the Aworis.The Awori hunters and fishermen had originally come from Ile-Ife to the coast.
Lagos State was created on 27 May 1967 according to the State Creation and Transitional Provisions Decree No. 14 of 1967, which restructured Nigeria into a Federation of 12 states. Before the issuance of this Decree, Lagos city, which was the country’s capital had been administered directly by the Federal Government through the Federal Ministry of Lagos Affairs.
However, Ikeja, Agege, Mushin, Ikorodu, Epe, surulere and Badagry were administered by the then Western Region Government. Lagos, the city, along with these other towns were captured to create the state of Lagos, with the state becoming fully recognized as a semi-autonomous administrative division on 11 April 1968.
Lagos served the dual role of being the State and Federal Capital until 1976 when the capital of the state was moved to Ikeja. After the full establishment of the Federal Capital Territory, the seat of the Federal Government was also formally relocated to Abuja on 12 December 1991. Nevertheless, Lagos remains the financial centre of the country, and even grew to become the most populous city in the state and the country.
Cities and towns
Lagos is the most populous city in Lagos State, Nigeria as a whole, and the continent of Africa. The conurbation is one of the most populous in the world. As of 2015, the population of Lagos city was approximately 16 million.
Lagos is a port which originated on islands separated by creeks, such as Lagos Island, fringing the southwest mouth of Lagos Lagoon while protected from the Atlantic Ocean by barrier islands and long sand spits such as Bar Beach, which stretch up to 100 kilometres (62 miles) east and west of the mouth. The metropolitan area of Lagos includes Ikeja (which is the capital of Lagos State) and Agege and Mushin.
Ikeja is the state capital of Lagos State. Ikeja is a well planned, clean and quiet residential and commercial town with shopping malls, pharmacies and government reserved areas. The Murtala Mohammed International Airport is in Ikeja. Ikeja is also home to Femi Kuti’s African Shrine, Late Chief Gani Fawehinmi house and Lagbaja’s Motherland. It also boasts the largest shopping mall on the mainland.
Lekki is a city in the south eastern part of the state. It is a naturally formed peninsula, it is still largely under construction. As of 2015, only phase 1 of the project had been completed, with phase 2 nearing completion. The peninsula is approximately 70 to 80 km long, with an average width of 10 km.
Lekki currently houses several estates, gated residential developments, agricultural farmlands, areas allocated for a Free Trade Zone, an airport, and a sea port under construction. The proposed land use master plan for the Lekki envisages the Peninsula as a “Blue-Green Environment City”, expected to accommodate over 3.4 million residential population and an additional non-residential population of at least 1.9 million.
Ikorodu is a city located north east of the state along the Lagos Lagoon. It shares a boundary with Ogun State. As of the 2006 Census Ikorodu had a population of 535,619.
Eko Atlantic is a planned city being constructed on land reclaimed from the Atlantic Ocean. It is located on the former Lagos’ Bar Beach. Upon completion, the new island which is still under development is anticipating at least 250,000 residents and a daily flow of at least 150,000 commuters.
The development will also have a positive environmental impact; its purpose is to stop the erosion of the Lagos coastline. The Eko Atlantic City project received global recognition in 2009, as the Lagos State government and its private sector partners on the Project, South Energyx, received the Clinton Global Initiative Commitment Certificate.
Badagry is a coastal town in the state. It is situated between Metropolitan Lagos, and the border of the Republic of Benin at Seme. As of the preliminary 2006 census results, the municipality had a population of 241,093. The area is led by a traditional king, Akran De Wheno Aholu Menu – Toyi 1, who is also the permanent vice-chairman of obas and chiefs in Lagos State. Badagry is home to the Egun people who are predominantly fishermen.
Epe is a town located on the north side of the Lekki Lagoon. It is popular for the fishing activities attributed to the city. Per the 2006 Census the population of Epe was 181,409.
Ojo is a town mainly occupied by the awori’s with a population of 507,693. Lagos State University is in this town.
Lagos State is a major economic centre of Nigeria. It would be the fifth largest economy in Africa if it were a country. Lagos State houses headquarters of most conglomerates and commercial banks in Nigeria.
Its total generated revenue in 2017 was around ₦334 billion (equivalent to US$920 million), growing by 10.43% compared to 2016.
Since its creation in 1967, the state has been administered either by a governor and a House of Assembly in civilian or quasi-civilian (under Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida’s administration) federal administrations, or by Sole-Administrators or Military Administrators in military dispensations.
Since December 2007, Yoruba has been the second official language of debate and discussion for the House of Assembly after English. The current governor of Lagos State is Mr. Babajide Sanwo-Olu, who emerged victorious in the March 9, 2019 Governorship elections.
Local Government Areas
Lagos State is divided into five administrative divisions, which are further divided into 20 local government areas, or LGAs. They are:
|LGA name||Area (km2)||Administrative capital||Postal
|Lagos Island||9||Lagos Island||101|
|Lagos Mainland||19||Lagos Mainland||101|
The first 16 of the above LGAs comprise the statistical area of Metropolitan Lagos. The remaining four LGAs (Badagry, Ikorodu, Ibeju-Lekki and Epe) are within Lagos State but are not part of Metropolitan Lagos.
Local council development areas
In 2003, many of the existing 20 LGAs were split for administrative purposes into Local Council Development Areas. These lower-tier administrative units now number 56:
Agbado/Oke-Odo, Agboyi/Ketu, Agege, Ajeromi, Alimosho, Apapa, Apapa-Iganmu, Ayobo/Ipaja, Badagry West, Badagry, Bariga, Coker Aguda, Egbe Idimu, Ejigbo, Epe, Eredo, Eti-Osa East, Eti Osa West, Iba, Isolo, Imota, Ikoyi, Ibeju, Ifako-Ijaiye, Ifelodun, Igando/Ikotun, Igbogbo/Bayeku, Ijede, Ikeja, Ikorodu North, Ikorodu West, Ikosi Ejinrin, Ikorodu, Ikorodu West, Iru/Victoria Island, Itire Ikate, Kosofe, Lagos Island West, Lagos Island East, Lagos Mainland, Lekki, Mosan/Okunola, Mushin, Odi Olowo/Ojuwoye, Ojo, Ojodu, Ojokoro, Olorunda, Onigbongbo, Oriade, Orile Agege, Oshodi, Oto-Awori, Shomolu, Surulere and Yaba.
This is a list of postal districts in Lagos State organised by local government area (LGA) and postal district, with postal codes also given.
|Amuwo Odofin||Amuwo odofin||102102|
|Amuwo Odofin||Trade fair complex||102101|
|Ojo||Ajangbadi Ikemba house||102107|
|Ojo||Iba town new site||102112|
Below is a list of polling units, including villages and schools, organised by electoral ward.
|Agege||Isale/Idimangoro; Iloro/Onipetesi; Oniwaya/Papa-Uku; Agbotikuyo/Dopemu; Oyewole/Papa Ashafa; Okekoto; Keke; Darocha; Tabon Tabon/Oko Oba; Orile Agege/Oko Oba; Isale Odo|
|Ajeromi/Ifelodun||Ago Hausa; Awodi-Ora; Wilmer; Olodi; Tolu; Temidire I; Ojo Road; Layeni; Alaba Oro; Mosafejo; Temidire II|
|Alimosho||Shasha/Akowonjo; Egbeda/Alimosho; Idimu/Isheri Olofin; Akesan; Ikotun/Ijegun; Egbe/Agodo; Igando/Egan; Ipaja North; Ipaja South; Ayobo/Ijon Village (Camp David); Pleasure/Oke-Odo; Abule-Egba/Aboru/Meiran/Alagbado|
|Amuwo-Odofin||Amuwo-Odofin Housing Estate, Mile 2; Festac 1; Festac II; Kirikiri; Amuwo; Ijegun; Satellite; Irede; Ibeshe; Igbologun; Festac III|
|Apapa||Apapa I (Marine Rd. and environs); Apapa II (Liverpool Rd. and environs); Apapa III (Creek Rd. Tincan/Snake Island; Apapa IV (Pelewura Crescent and environs); Ijora-Oloye; Olodan St. Olojowou St/Alh. Dogo Olatokunbo St. Iganmu; Gaskiya & environs; Afolabi Alasia Str. and environs; Malu Road and environs; Sari and environs|
|Badagry||Posukoh; Awhanjigoh; Ibereko; Keta-East; Iworo Gbanko; Ajido; Ilogbo-Araromi; Ikoga; Ajara; Iya-Afin|
|Epe||Etita/Ebode; Lagbade; Popo-Oba; Oke-Balogun; Ajaganabe; Ise/Igbogun; Oriba/Ladaba; Abomiti; Agbowa; Agbowa Ikosi; Ago Owu; Orugbo; Ilara; Ibonwon; Odoragunsin; Poka; Odomola; Ejirin; Itoikin|
|Eti-Osa||Victoria Island I; Victoria Island II; Ilasan Housing Estate; Lekki/Ikate and environs; Ilado/Eti-Osa and environs; Ajah/Sangotedo; Ado/Langbasa/Badore; Ikoyi I; Ikoyi II; Obalende|
|Ibeju/Lekki||Ibeju I; N2, (Ibeju II); Orimedu I; 02, (Orimedu II); 03, (Orimedu III); P1, (Iwerekun I); Iwerekun II; S1, (Lekki I); Lekki II; S2, (Siriwon/Igbekodo I); S,2a (Siriwon/Igbekodo II)|
|Ifako-Ijaye||Ijaye; Old Ifako/Karaole; New Ifako/Oyemekun; Fagba/Akute Road; Iju Isaga; Iju-Obawole; Pamada/Abule-Egba; Ijaiye/Ojokoro; Ijaiye/Agbado/Kollington; Alakuko/Kollington; Ajegunle/Akinde/Animashaun|
|Ikeja||Anifowoshe/Ikeja; Ojodu/Agidingbi/Omole; Alausa/Oregun/Olusosun; Airport/Onipetesi/Onilekere; Ipodo/Seriki Aro; Adekunle Vill./Adeniyi Jones/Ogba; Oke-Ira/Aguda; Onigbongbo/Military Cantonment; Gra/Police Barracks; Wasimi/Opebi/Allen|
|Ikorodu||Isele I; Isele II; Isele III; Aga/Ijimu; Ipakodo; Imota 1; Imota II; Isiu; Igbogbo I; Igbogbo II; Baiyeku/Oreta; Ijede J; Ijede II; Agura/Iponmi; Odogunyan; Erikorodu; Agbala; Olorunda/Igbaga|
|Kosofe||Oworonshoki; Ifako/Soluyi; Anthony/Ajao Estate/Mende/Maryland; Ojota/Ogudu; Ketu/Alapere/Agidi/Orisigun/Kosofe/Ajelogo/Akanimodo; Ikosi Ketu/Mile 12/Agiliti/Maidan; Isheri-Olowo-Ira/Shangisha/Magodo Phase I & II; Agboyi I; Agboyi II; Owode Onirin/Ajegunle/Odo-Ogun|
|Lagos Island||Olowogbowo/Elegbata; Oluwole; Idumota/Oke; Oju-Oto; Oko-Awo; Agarawu/Obadina; Iduntafa; Ilupesi; Isale-Agbede; Olosun; Olushi/Kakawa; Popo-Aguda; Anikantamo; Oko-Faji; Eiyekole; Onikan; Sandgrouse; Epetedo; Lafiaji/Ebute|
|Lagos Mainland||Otto/Iddo; Olaleye Village; Maroko/Ebute Metta; Oyingbo Market/Ebute Metta; Glover/Ebute Metta; Oko-Baba; Oyadiran Estate/Abule-Oja; Alagomeji; Iwaya; Yaba/Igbobi|
|Mushin||Alakara; Idi-Oro/Odi-Olowu; Babalosa; Ojuwoye; Ilupeju; Olateju; Kayode/Fadeyi; Mushin/Atewolara; Papa-Ajao; Ilasamaja; Babalosa/Idi-Araba; Idi-Araba; Itire; Ilupeju Industrial Estate|
|Ojo||Ojo Town; Okokomaiko; Ajangbadi; Ijanikin; Iba; Irewe; Tafi; Etegbin; Idoluwo; Sabo|
|Oshodi/Isolo||Oshodi/Bolade; Orile-Oshodi; Isolo; Ajao Estate; Mafoluku; Sogunle; Sogunle/Alasia; Okota; Ishagatedo; Oke-Afa/Ejigbo|
|Somolu||Onipanu; Palmgrove/Ijebutedo; Alade; Bajulaiye; Mafowoku/Pedro; Lad-Lak/Bariga; Ilaje/Akoka; Igbobi/Fadeyi; Fola Agoro/Bajulaiye/Igbari-Akoka; Gbagada Phase I Obanikoro/Pedro; Gbagada Phase II /Bariga/Apelehin; Abule-Okuta/Ilaje/Bariga|
|Surulere||Orile; Aguda; Ijeshatedo; Akinhanmi/Cole; Yaba/Ojuelegba; Igbaja/Stadium; Shitta/Ogunlana Drive; Adeniran/Ogunsanya; Iponri Housing Estate/Eric Moore; Coker; Ikate; Baya-Oje; Igbon/Gambari; Iresaapa; Arolu; Iresaadu; Iregba; Iwofin; Ilajue; Mayin|
Tertiary educational institutions in Lagos State
- University of Lagos
- Lagos State College of Health Technology
- Lagos State University
- Lagos Business School
- Caleb University
- Yaba College of Technology
- Lagos State Polytechnic
- Pan Atlantic University
- Adeniran Ogunsanya College of Education
- Lagos City Polytechnic
- Michael Otedola College of Primary Education
- National Open University of Nigeria, Lagos study centres
- Federal College of Education, Akoka
- Nigerian Institute of Journalism, Ogba
- Augustine University Ilara, Epe
- Federal College of Fisheries and Marine Technology
While the state is essentially a Yoruba-speaking environment, it is a socio-cultural melting pot attracting both Nigerians and foreigners alike.
Indigenous inhabitants include the Aworis and Ogus in Ikeja and Badagry Divisions respectively, with the Eguns being found mainly in Badagry.
There is also an admixture of other pioneer settlers collectively known as the Ekos.
The indigenes of Ikorodu and Epe Divisions are mainly the Ijebus with pockets of Eko-Awori settlers along the coastland and riverine areas.
Murtala Mohammed International Airport in Ikeja is one of Nigeria’s five major international airports. It was built in 1978 and named after the former military head of state Late General Murtala Mohammed.
Lagos has also has the Lekki-Epe International Airport which is a proposed airport in Lekki, Nigeria, designed for a capacity of 5 million passengers annually.