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Lagos Ranks Second On World’s Least Livable Cities – EIU

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How the rating is calculated 

The liveability score is reached through category weights, which are divided equally into relevant subcategories to ensure that the score covers as many indicators as possible. 

Indicators are scored as acceptable, tolerable, uncomfortable, undesirable or intolerable. These are then weighted to produce a rating, where 100 indicates that liveability in a city is ideal and 1 means that it is intolerable.

For qualitative variables, an “EIU rating” is awarded based on the judgment of in-house expert geography analysts and a field correspondent based in each city. For quantitative variables, a rating is calculated based on the relative performance of a location using external data.

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CATEGORY 1: Stability (25% of total) 

Indicator 
Prevalence of petty crime 
Prevalence of violent crime 
Threat of terror 
Threat of military conflict 
Threat of civil unrest/conflict 

CATEGORY 2: Healthcare (20% of total)

Indicator 
Availability of private healthcare 
Quality of private healthcare 
Availability of public healthcare 
Quality of public healthcare 
Availability of over-the-counter drugs 
General healthcare indicators (Adapted from World Bank)

CATEGORY 3: Culture & Environment (weight: 25% of total)

Indicator 
Humidity/temperature rating 
Discomfort of climate for travellers
Level of corruption (Adapted from Transparency International)
Social or religious restrictions 
Level of censorship
Sporting availability (EIU field rating of 3 sport indicators)
Cultural availability (EIU field rating of 4 cultural indicators)
Food and drink (EIU field rating of 4 cultural indicators)
Consumer goods & services (EIU rating of product availability)

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CATEGORY 4: Education (weight: 10% of total)

Indicator 
Availability of private education EIU rating
Quality of private education EIU rating
Public education indicators (Adapted from World Bank)

CATEGORY 5: Infrastructure (weight: 20% of total)

Indicator 
Quality of road network 
Quality of public transport
Quality of international links 
Availability of good-quality housing 
Quality of energy provision
Quality of water provision 
Quality of telecommunications 

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The ten most livable cities in 2021 

Auckland, New Zealand
Osaka, Japan
Adelaide, Australia
Wellington, New Zealand
Tokyo, Japan
Perth, Australia
Zurich, Switzerland
Geneva, Switzerland
Melbourne, Australia
Brisbane, Australia

The ten least livable cities in 2021 

Damascus, Syria
Lagos, Nigeria
Port Moresby, PNG
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Algiers, Algeria
Tripoli, Libya
Karachi, Pakistan
Harare, Zimbabwe
Douala, Cameroon
Caracas, Venezuela

Compiled by The Economist Intelligence Unit 

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